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What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate gland and often results in swelling or pain. It is one of the most common urology diseases impacting 5 to 10 percent of males. The most common urological problem in men aged 50 and older, prostatitis is not contagious and is not transmitted during sex.

4 Types of Prostatitis

  1. Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS), which affects about 90% of men with prostatitis.
  2. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. In these cases, patients don’t have symptoms but their doctors find infection-fighting cells in the semen when checking for other problems such as prostate cancer or enlargement.
  3. Acute bacterial prostatitis, the least common but easiest form of the condition to treat.
  4. Chronic bacterial prostatitis, which is also not common.


Prostatitis symptoms may vary depending on the type of prostatitis, but in general, symptoms are related to pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, urination problems, and sexual dysfunction. Additional symptoms may include:

  • Frequent urination or urgent need to urinate
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Weak stream when urinating
  • Fever and chills
  • Frequent bladder infection
  • Pain during or after ejaculation
  • Lower abdomen, groin or back pain
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